The LK is the all-new technique known for partial-thickness corneal transplantation. DALK AND DSEK are the commonly performed lamellar keratoplasty procedures. DALK is done to treat any corneal stromal opacities such as in advanced keratoconus. DSAEK is done to treat corneal edema caused by cataract surgery or due to endothelial dystrophies.
There are basically two kinds of corneal transplant – Penetrating Keratoplasty (PK) and Lamellar Keratoplasty (LK). The PK has been followed since ages and connoted as the standard technique to carry out the corneal transplantation. It is commonly performed for the treatment of any full thickness corneal scar or any type of corneal disorder.
Corneal transplants are also carried out to treat advanced stages of keratoconus, it is an ailment caused by an abnormal protrusion of the cornea and the distortion of the corneal contour.
Corneal transplants are done to treat several ailments connected to the clarity or the contour of the cornea. Corneal edema, corneal scar due to trauma or infections and corneal endothelial dystrophy are the common diseases for which the corneal transplants are usually carried out. These are often offered for the treatment of corneal scarring arising out of infections, including herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) or any kind of bacterial infection of the cornea.
The transparent dome situated at the center of the eye is called as the cornea. It is made up of thin layers of tissues that allow the flow of light into the eye. It adjusts and focuses the rays entering the eye and creating a sharp image behind it so that we can see clearly. It is the cornea that engenders two-third focusing the power of the eye and the lens completes the remainder
In short, the corneal transplant acts as a savior and highly preferred technique to restore the vision to a significant extent.